Endocrine System And The Problems Associated With It

The statement that excess of everything is bad is not false. So is the fact that less than the desired quantity is not beneficial either. This is exactly what happens in the case of the hormones that govern the way the metabolism of the body works. For the proper functioning of the body, the ratio and the quantity of the hormones have to be precise otherwise; there can be a lot of problems. Some of the many problems that can be encountered due to the malfunctioning of the endocrine system which may affect people of all ages are as under:

Cushing syndrome: This syndrome is caused because of increased amounts of glucocorticoid hormones. This can result due to a high dosage of drugs like prednisone. The cause of the disease is the overproduction of corticosteroids produced by the adrenals. There is a possibility of the formation of a tumor in the pituitary glands. It takes a couple of years or more for the symptoms to surface. Generally indicated by obesity, the other symptoms include weakness in the muscles, high blood pressure, reduced growth and at times changes in the behavior. It can be treated with the help of surgery with the alternative modes being the chemotherapy or disrupting the production of these hormones by inducing antibodies.

Growth hormone problems: Growth hormone problems are those that if experienced can lead to an increased and unusual amount of growth in the body of the person. This is more prominent in people of age groups that are still experiencing growth in their body structure, example children. The problem is caused by the formation of a tumor and is solved by the removal of the same. Similarly, in the opposite case, if the growth hormones are not produced in the right quantities, there is a possibility of the child not being able to grow according to the normal standards due to impaired growth.

Adrenal insufficiency: As the name suggests, this is the cause of under production of the adrenal corticosteroid hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands. The effects of this problem include fatigue, lethargy, pain in the abdominal area, weakness and sometimes dehydration. The way to do about this medical illness is injection of the hormones into the body by external means.

Hypothyroidism: This is when the blood of the person is deficient in the amount of thyroid hormones. As the thyroid hormones are related to the proper functioning of the various body parts, a reduced amount of the same can lead to slow heart beat, delay in reaching puberty, weakness and fatigue. It is also associated with weight gain and constipation. The cause can be attributed to inefficient or under developed thyroid glands which fail to keep up with the needs of the body. The method to go about this is similar to one the one in adrenal insufficiency, i.e. increase in the hormones by external means.

Apart from the abovementioned problems, there are a few more in the list. It is best to consult your physician about them who would be able to rectify all the doubts in a much more efficient manner.